Have you ever wondered about the types of skin we have? And the one you personally have? Most people never bother to ask themselves this question, until something happens that requires them to know.
Generally, skin types are genetically determined. However, there are habits and environmental situations that catalyze changes in the skin.
The types of skin have specific characteristics and features. We can say no skin type is healthier than another. You just have to learn the uniqueness of your own skin type and care for it. This article teaches you how.
5 Types Of Skin
We have different skin types explained below.
This is a skin type that secretes natural oil to keep itself moisturized. People with larger pores, however, tend to secrete in excess. Some skin experts say “The bigger the pore, the more active the oil glands, and the more active the oil glands, the more they’ll secrete.”
People with oily skin should avoid using thick creams and moisturizers. Your skin is already naturally moisturized but you should also not skip skin hydration totally.
A dermatologist called Morris Day recommends hydrating oily skin with hyaluronic acid, an ingredient found in many moisturizers. Hyaluronic acid retains water in the skin, without any greasy film on the top layer.
The very first thing you’ll notice when you have dry skin is that your skin appears dull and lifeless. This type of skin looks dull because it’s often covered in a layer of dead skin cells. These rough skin cells do not allow perfect reflection of light. But if your skin is hydrated, it has a smooth surface that reflects light evenly, and so appears more radiant
What Causes Dry Skin?
- Excessive exposure to the sun.
- Hot showers
- Over-exfoliating with products like salicylic or glycolic acid
- Hormonal changes due to advancement in age.
You don’t have to be worried if you have dry skin, all you need to do is care for it well.
How To Take Care Of Dry Skin
- Keep it hydrated. Make use of good creams and soaps that keeps your skin moisturized. This singular act will make it look younger, plumper and more radiant.
- Avoid hot showers and steer clear from products containing detergents or sulfates, which may cause irritation to skin.
- Use a cream that has SPF – Sun Protecting Factor
Learning there is a type of skin called Normal skin makes you think the other types of skin are abnormal. Actually, there is no “normal skin”. Normal skin just refers to skin types that aren’t oily or dry. It seems to be in between.
People with normal skin have small pores that are not engorged or easy to see. Normal skin does not experience excess radiance and it does not easily get cracked or flaky.
You should note that normal skin doesn’t mean perfect skin. Even with your normal skin, you may still have to deal with occasional blemish and skin issues. Therefore, you need to care for your normal skin also.
How To Care for the Normal Skin
While normal skin type requires less maintenance than other skin types, it’s important to feed your skin with essential ingredients that will keep it looking and feeling its best.
- Don’t use products that don’t make their skin feel overly greasy.
- Also, avoid products that cause excessive dryness.
This is a type of skin featuring the oiliness and dryness on the face. This skin type typically experiences dry and flaky skin on certain portions of the face and excessive oil on others. Most people mistake themselves to have oily skin because they secrete oils in certain parts of their bodies.
Dermatologists have it that combination skin is the most common skin type, but it can be hard to identify and treat. Most times, the T-zone is shiny. The T-zone includes the forehead, nose, and chin. These areas have more active oil glands than other parts of the face like the cheeks. Dealing with combination skin means finding a perfect skincare product that is strong enough to exfoliate without irritating the skin.
Sensitive skin as the name implies may be very sensitive. People with sensitive skin usually have skin issues like acne, rosacea or contact dermatitis. Sensitive skin may also be prone to stinging or burning.
Baumann, a dermatologist added that people with sensitive skin should avoid excessively harsh beauty products. These products cause a negative reaction on sensitive skin. For example, people with acne should avoid isopropyl myristate which is a popular ingredient in hair conditioners.
People with sensitive skin are also advised to avoid friction, excessive heat and triggers like alcohol or stress.
Sensitive skins aren’t usually permanent. It is actually not one of the “types of skin”, as it is only caused by other conditions. You can also cause it when you over-scrub or over-exfoliate, or use overly harsh products. Using the right products prevents sensitive skin.
You now know the 5 types of skin and their peculiarities. You also know how to care for them. Once you identify your type of skin, make sure you take proper care for you to maintain a beautiful outlook.
Most importantly, eating a balanced diet and living healthy can help you care for your skin. When you have the essential nutrients in your body, it keeps your skin well.