At different points in our lives, the situations and circumstances surrounding us tries to weigh us down. When this happen, we usually use the word “depression” loosely. While we may be correct, it is also important we learn what depression is in in entirety. This articles seeks to explain depression and the types of depression known.
Depression can be defined as a disorder in a person’s mood which results to a persisting feeling of sadness and loss of will to partake in usual activities.
People often classify depression into two: Regular Depression and Clinical Depression. Regular Depression is the kind which everyone can go through in life due to a certain bad situation or experience and it’s usually very short, it could last for few minutes, hours or few days. Regular Depression however can metamorphose into something bigger which is Clinical Depression. Clinical Depression is the kind of depression which needs medical attention, it does not always have to result from regular depression, it could be caused by other things. There could also be different causes of depression in men and women.
Types Of Depression
For easy comprehension, we have grouped the types of depression into eight. They are as follows:
1. Major Depression or Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
MDD could sometimes also be referred to as uni-polar depression or classic depression. Major depression disorder could be mild, moderate or severe and it is not usually not dependent on situations or people around us. A person could experience such even if there are good, loving and caring people with him/her.
MDD can cause symptoms which last for weeks and months and some people happen to experience it throughout their lifetime. People with major depression experience the following signs:
- Constant fatigue and low energy
- Always being worried and anxious
- Over-sleeping or lack of sleep
- Lack of concentration and loss of will to perform daily and fun activities.
- Memory loss
- Death and suicidal thoughts
2. Maniac Or Bipolar Depression
This type of depression involves sudden mood swings and changes. It also involves sudden changes in energy levels. The person could be so happy and then suddenly switch to overwhelming sadness in an instant.
People with bipolar depression experiences the same symptoms as major depression. When they are in the manic phase, the below signs are experienced:
- Lack of sleep
- High level of energy
- “Stupid” confidence and destructive behavior
3. Perinatal depression
This kind of depression occurs while a woman is pregnant or within few weeks after delivery. It is sometimes called postpartum depression but that only refers to after childbirth. It involves mood swings which are caused by changes in hormones during pregnancy and after.
Signs of perinatal depression includes:
- Inexplicable anger
- Feeling of sadness
- Having thoughts of harming yourself or your baby
4. Atypical Depression
This is a type of Major Depressive Disorder that comes and go, it is MDD with atypical features. It goes when something positive happens or when there is a happy event. The signs of Atypical Depression are:
- Eating disorderly
- Rise in appetite
- Feeling of arm or leg heaviness
- Sleeping so much
- Over-reaction to criticism
5. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
This occurs during days which lead to a woman’s period. It affects the person’s daily activity and could affect reaction to situations. Signs include:
- Lack of concentration
- Mood swings
- Voracious appetite
- Lack of energy
- Problems with sleeping
6. Seasonal Depression
Seasonal Depression is also called Seasonal Affective Disorder(SAD) which occurs during particular seasons where there is less of sunlight. It is usually described as Major Depressive Disorder that involves seasonal pattern. The signs and symptoms of seasonal depression are:
- Increase in weight
- Withdrawal from social activities
- Loss of hope and sad feeling
7. Persistent Depression
This is also called persistent depressive disorder and it tarries for two or more years. The severity of the feeling may vary from time to time, it could be mild sometimes and severe other times. The signs are as follows:
- Lack of focus or concentration
- Mood swings
- Lack of sleep or sleeping too much
- Lack of energy and will to carry out activities
- Excessive eating
8. Psychotic Depression or Depressive Psychosis
This usually involves signs of major depressive disorder. It is a condition where the person begins to see, smell and have feelings of things that are not real. It’s another type of major depression but with Psychosis. When some one has this type of depression, he or she begins to do the following:
- Living in delusion
- Being afraid of people or things around.
There you have it. Eight types of depression that could be experienced. If you feel or have someone you know who feels symptoms or signs of any type, endeavor to seek medical advice immediately.